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Introduction

Bone spur in other word osteophyte is a growth of bone on normal bone.it is just an extra bone. It is smooth but it can cause pain if it presses or rubs on other bones or soft tissues such as ligaments, nerves in the body or tendons. Usually the bone spurs comprise at the spine, shoulders, hands, hips, knees and feet.

Causes of bone spurs

The bone spur are created as the body attempts to mend it by building additional bone. It characteristically forms in response to weight, rubbing, or tension that lasts for a long period of time. Some bone spurs type as a part of the aging method. As we age, the slippery tissue referred to as gristle that covers the ends of the bones inside joints breaks down and eventually wears away (osteoarthritis). Also, the discs that offer padding between the bones of the spine might break down with age. Over time, this ends up in pain and swelling and, in some cases, bone spurs forming on the sides of the joint. Bone spurs because of aging area unit particularly common within the joints of the spine and feet.
Bone spurs conjointly type within the feet in response to tight ligaments, to activities like saltation and running that place stress on the feet, and to pressure from being overweight or from poorly fitting shoes. for instance, the long ligament on the lowest of the foot (plantar fascia) will become stressed or tight and pull on the heel, inflicting the ligament to become inflamed (plantar fasciitis). because the bone tries to fix itself, a bone spur will type on the lowest of the heel (known as a "heel spur"). Pressure at the rear of the heel from oftentimes sporting shoes that area unit too tight will cause a bone spur on the rear of the heel. this can be generally referred to as a "pump bump," as a result of it's usually seen in ladies WHO wear high heels. Another common site for bone spurs is that the shoulder. Over time, the bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments that conjure your shoulder will wear against each other. The muscles that enable you to raise and rotate your arm (called the rotator cuff) begin at your os and area unit hooked up to your higher arm with tendons. As these tendons move through the slim house between the highest of your shoulder and your higher arm, they'll rub on the bones. Bone spurs will type during this slim space that, in turn, pinch the complex body part tendons, leading to irritation, inflammation, stiffness, weakness, pain, and generally tearing of the connective tissue. This condition, complex body part disorder, ordinarily happens with age and/or repetitive use of the shoulder. it's conjointly common in athletes, particularly baseball players, and in folks like painters WHO oftentimes work with their arms on top of their heads.

Symptoms of bone spurs

Many people have bone spurs while not ever knowing it, as a result of most bone spurs cause no symptoms. however if the bone spurs area unit pressing on different bones or tissues or area unit inflicting a muscle or connective tissue to rub, they'll break that tissue down over time, inflicting swelling, pain, and tearing. Bone spurs within the foot also can cause corns and calluses once tissue builds up to produce more artifact over the bone spur.

Diagnosed of bone spurs

A bone spur is sometimes visible on AN X-ray. However since most bone spurs don't cause issues, it might be uncommon to require AN X-ray simply to examine whether or not you've got a bone spur. If you had AN X-ray to guage one in all the issues related to bone spurs, like inflammatory disease, bone spurs would be visible on it X-ray.

How it treated?

Bone spurs don't need treatment unless they're inflicting pain or damaging different tissues. once required, treatment is also directed at the causes, the symptoms, or the bone spurs themselves. Treatment directed at the explanation for bone spurs might embrace weight loss to require some pressure off the joints (especially once degenerative joint disease or region fasciitis is that the cause) and stretching the affected space, like the heel wire and bottom of the foot. Seeing a therapist for ultrasound or deep tissue massage is also useful for region fasciitis or shoulder pain. Treatment directed at symptoms may embrace rest, ice, stretching, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug medication (NSAIDs) like Motrin. Education in the way to defend your joints is useful if you've got degenerative joint disease. If a bone spur is in your foot, ever-changing footwear or adding artifact or a shoe insert like a heel cup or orthotic might facilitate. If the bone spur is inflicting corns or calluses, artifact the world or sporting totally different shoes will facilitate. A medical specialist (foot doctor) is also consulted if corns and calluses become a much bigger drawback. If the bone spur continues to cause symptoms, your doctor might counsel a corticoid injection at the painful space to scale back pain and inflammation of the soft tissues next to the bone spur.

Sometimes the bone spurs themselves area unit treated. Bone spurs are often surgically removed or treated as a part of a surgery to repair or replace a joint once degenerative joint disease has caused extended injury and deformity. Examples would possibly embrace repair of a puffiness or heel spur within the foot or removal of tiny spurs beneath the purpose of the shoulder


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