When looking to dictionary it fine that osteo meaning bone and porosis meaning pours. So literally it meaning is porous bone. Coming to medical term it is type of disease where the bone density reduces and the bone become fragile. So when people exist in that condition they have very risk of getting fracture their bone even by miner incidence. Osteoporosis does not creat any incident but those are suffering from this could have great risk of breaking their bone if they falls. Generally the probable where they gets are hips, spinal vertebrae and wrist. It used to have to any gender but woman have more problem with this disease because of the low bone mass.
2. Osteoporosis prevention
2.1 Osteoporosis which is a bone disease. When someone gets this disease mainly suffer from the bone structure, strength. Due to this disease they have greater chance of risk of fracture
2.2 Though this disease affects to all gender of any age but it is more venerable to Postmenopausal women.
2.3 Some risk factors for osteoporosis risk factor are possible to modify .
2.4 Osteoporosis did not show clear external symptoms due to the loss of bone density. However some people may have bone pain.
2.5. Fractures are most probably occurring in spine, hip and wrists.
2.6 Its Identification is made by a special X-ray-based, scan, and ultrasound.
2.6. Medicine that help to slow down bone loss, some exercise programs, and dietary adjustments, that is intake of extra calcium, magnesium and vitamin D.
2.7. The better way of avoiding Osteoporosis is that one should be very careful that he should not fall down. This will reduce the risk fracture.
3. What causes osteoporosis?
3.1. Osteoporosis risk increases with age particularly after 30
3.2. Osteoporosis risk is higher in white and Asians people
3.3. Osteoporosis risk is higher to those who has small bone structure
3.4. Genetics also have relation with this disease
3.5. One who has previous fracture during a low-level injury, particularly after 50. The probable risk is higher to those people
Although we frequently think about our bones as being static, these tissues ar in constant turnover, with recent broken bone replaced by new bone to take care of bone density, and also the integrity of its crystals and structure. However, as we age, the speed of bone breakdown will outstrip bone-building, with a peak in bone density within the late twenties, and a gradual weakening when the age of thirty five or so; in some individuals, this natural weakening is additional pronounced, resulting in pathology and a better risk of fractures. Risk factors for pathology which will be changed embrace.
*. Reduced sex hormones, significantly in ladies. less oestrogen when the change of life, as an example
*. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia (eating disorders), and orthorexia
* Tobacco smoking
* Excessive alcohol consumption
* Reduced level of calcium, magnesium and vitamin D (caused by low dietary intake, absorption, and also the use of some medications)
* Inactivity or immobility
Other factors that increase the chance of osteoporosis embrace diseases or medicine that cause changes in secretion levels, and medicines that cut back bone mass. Diseases that have an effect on secretion levels embrace glandular disorder, glandular disorder and hyperadrenalism. People who are transgender and who endure surgery that affects secretion levels or who take hormones for long periods of your time may additionally face a better risk of osteoporosis. Some autoimmune diseases, like Rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, are related to raise risk of osteoporosis. Medications that increase the chance of osteoporosis embrace
A. Glucocorticoids and corticosteroids, together with anti-inflammatory and Prelone (Prelone) - glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is that the commonest sort of drug-induced osteoporosis
B. Excess thyroid hormone replacement
C. Anticoagulants and blood-thinners (including heparin and warfarin)
D. Protein-pump inhibitors and other antacids that adversely affect mineral status
E. Antidepressant medications
F. Vitamin A (retinoid) medications
G. Thiazolidinedione’s (used to treat type 2 diabetes), that decrease bone formation
H. Immunosuppressant agents, like cyclosporine, that increase each bone organic process and formation
I. Aromatase inhibitors and other treatments that deplete sex hormones, like anastrozole (Arimidex)
J. Chemotherapeutic agents, together with letrozole (Femara), that is employed against carcinoma, and leuprorelin